file (with open-modifier (& open-modifier)*)* 
(binary-mode | text-mode)? (buffered | unbuffered)? file string-expression


The operator file retrieves the contents of a named file.

In certain limited cases, the file can be read in smaller chunks, allowing very large files to be processed without requiring huge amounts of computer memory. These cases occur whenever the file expression is used in the string expression of any of the following actions alone, or attached by || (join) to other string expressions:

file can also be used as the entire string expression argument of one of the following actions:

as well as the source expression for using input as.